4C/ID Experts

Jeroen van Merriënboer

Jeroen J.G. van Merriënboer is Professor of Learning and Instruction at Maastricht University, the Netherlands, where he is Research Director of the Graduate School of Health Professions Education (SHE). He also holds honorary positions at the University of Bergen in Norway and the Open University of the Netherlands. He has published over 300 journal articles and book chapters in the areas of learning and instruction and medical education.

Paul Kirschner

Paul A. Kirschner is Distinguished University Professor and Professor of Educational Psychology at the Open University of the Netherlands, as well as Visiting Professor of Education with a special emphasis on Learning and Instruction in Teacher Education at the University of Oulu, Finland. He has published more than 300 journal articles, books, and book chapters in the areas of learning, instruction, and collaborative learning.

Liesbeth kester

Liesbeth Kester is full professor Educational Sciences at Utrecht University (UU). She is chair of the UU division Education and director of the academic master Educational Sciences of the UU. She is also member of the board of the Dutch Interuniversity Centre for Educational Research (ICO). Her expertise includes instructional design, multimedia learning, hypermedia learning, personalized learning, and learning, and designing and developing flexible learning environments (including game-based learning environments).

Iwan wopereis

Iwan Wopereis is a senior lecturer at the Expertise Centre for Education and Professional development (ECOP) of the Open Universiteit. At ECOP he teaches courses on instructional design and synchronous online education (i.e., the virtual classroom). Iwan has given various workshops on the 4C/ID-model in secondary vocational education (MBO) and higher education (HBO/WO). In addition to teaching, he researches subjects related to instructional design, information literacy, and creativity.

Jimmy Frerejean

Jimmy Frerejean is assistant professor at the Deptartment of Educational Development and Research and is a member of the Taskforce Instructional Design & E-Learning at Maastricht University. Jimmy has experience applying the 4C/ID model in various projects and contexts, such as teaching information literacy skills, developing a teacher training program (i.e., the MATCH project), developing educational materials for palliative care (i.e., the Pasemeco project), and developing a continuous professional development program for facilitators in simulation-based education.


Marco Marcellis is a computer science lecturer at the Amsterdam University of Applied Sciences. He is responsible for the minor Mobile Development. The course mobile application development, which is part of the minor, has been developed with the 4C/ID model and can be found here: http://www.android-development.app/. Currently, he is working on a PhD research project at the School of Health Professions Education at Maastricht University and investigating how to design blended learning programs with the 4C/ID model.