Examples in publications
- Frerejean, J., Van Geel, M., Keuning, T., Dolmans, D., Van Merriënboer, J. J. G., & Visscher, A (2021). Ten steps to 4C/ID: training differentiation skills in a professional development program for teachers. Instructional Science. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11251-021-09540-x
The authors explicitly discuss the Ten Steps design process of a workplace-based training program for primary school teachers. Design decisions are made based on theory and an extensive task analysis. The training blueprint is presented.
- Marcellis, M., Barendsen, E., & van Merriënboer, J. J. G. (2018). Designing a blended course in android app development using 4C/ID. In Proceedings of the 18th Koli Calling International Conference on Computing Education Research (Koli
Calling ’18) (pp. 1–5). Koli, Finland: ACM Press. https://doi.org/10.1145/3279720.3279739
Marcellis et al. describe a 4C/ID-based blended course in which students learn to develop android applications. It explains the design decisions behind the four components.
- Frerejean, J., van Merriënboer, J. J. G., Kirschner, P. A., Roex, A., Aertgeerts, B., & Marcellis, M. (2019). Designing instruction for complex learning: 4C/ID in higher education. European Journal of Education, 54, 513-524. https://doi.org/10.1111/ejed.12363
This publication summarizes three applications of 4C/ID in higher education. The examples stem from the domains of information-problem solving, android app development, and medical education. The individual examples are also included in this list.
- Güney, Z. (2019). A sample design in programming with four-component instructional design (4c/id) model. Malaysian Online Journal of Educational Technology, 7(4), 1–14. https://doi.org/10.17220/mojet.2019.04.001
- Maggio, L. A., Ten Cate, O., Irby, D. M., & O’Brien, B. C. (2015). Designing evidence- based medicine training to optimize the transfer of skills from the classroom to clinical practice: Applying the four component instructional design model.Academic Medicine, 90, 1457–1461. https://doi.org/10.1097/ACM.0000000000000769
- Melo, M., & Miranda, G. L. (2015). Learning electrical circuits: The effects of the 4C-ID instructional approach in the acquisition and transfer of knowledge. Journal of Information Technology Education: Research, 14, 313–337. https://doi.org/10.28945/2281
- Postma, T. C., & White, J. G. (2015). Developing clinical reasoning in the classroom—analysis of the 4C/ID-model. European Journal of Dental Education, 9, 74–80. https://doi.org/10.1111/eje.12105
- Vandewaetere, M., Manhaeve, D., Aertgeerts, B., Clarebout, G., van Merriënboer, J. J. G., & Roex, A. (2015). 4C/ID in medical education: How to design an educational program based on whole-task learning: AMEE Guide No. 93. Medical Teacher, 37, 4–20. https://doi.org/10.3109/0142159X.2014.928407
- Wopereis, I. G. J. H., Frerejean, J., & Brand-Gruwel, S. A. B. (2015). Information problem
solving instruction in higher education: A case study on instructional design. Communications in Computer and Information Sciences, 552, 293–302. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28197-1_30
- Susilo, A. P., van Merriënboer, J. J. G., van Dalen, J., Claramita, M., & Scherpbier, A. (2013). From lecture to learning tasks: Use of the 4C/ID model in a communication skills course in a continuing professional education context. The Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing, 44, 278–284. https://doi.org/10.3928/00220124‐20130501‐78
- Tjiam, I. M., Schout, B. M. A., Hendrikx, A. J. M., Scherpbier, A. J. J. M., Witjes, J. A., & Van Merriënboer, J. J. G. (2012). Designing simulator-based training: An approach integrating cognitive task analysis and four-component instructional design. Medical Teacher, 34(10), e698–e707. https://doi.org/10.3109/0142159X.2012.687480
Showcase Health Professions Education
The School of Health Professions Education provides a Masters of Health Professions Education in which learners acquire knowledge, skills, and attitudes to design and provide effective, efficient, and enjoyable education in the health professions. One of the learning tasks in this Master requires learners to apply to 4C/ID model for (re)designing a (part of a) curriculum in their own setting. Particularly impressive contributions (those graded 9/10 or higher) are showcased below with permission of the respective creator.
- Sahil Koppikar (23-01-2022): 4C/ID in a curriculum for point-of-care ultrasound for rheumatology trainees at University of Toronto. [PDF]
- Jolene Oon Ee Ling (02-10-2020): 4C/ID in a Singaporean infectious diseases senior residency program. [PDF]
- Chee Chew Yip (28-05-2020): 4C/ID in a Singaporean ophthalmology residency program. [PDF]