Users of the 4C/ID model have expressed time after time that there is a great need for example applications of the model. Interestingly, this is fully in line with the 4C/ID model, that prescribes that modeling examples or worked-out examples can be a great way of teaching a complex skill. On this page, we will collect and present a list of good examples.

Examples in publications

  • Frerejean, J., Van Geel, M., Keuning, T., Dolmans, D., Van Merriënboer, J. J. G., & Visscher, A (2021). Ten steps to 4C/ID: training differentiation skills in a professional development program for teachers. Instructional Science. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11251-021-09540-x

The authors explicitly discuss the Ten Steps design process of a workplace-based training program for primary school teachers. Design decisions are made based on theory and an extensive task analysis. The training blueprint is presented.

  • Marcellis, M., Barendsen, E., & van Merriënboer, J. J. G. (2018). Designing a blended course in android app development using 4C/ID. In Proceedings of the 18th Koli Calling International Conference on Computing Education Research (Koli
    Calling ’18) (pp. 1–5). Koli, Finland: ACM Press. https://doi.org/10.1145/3279720.3279739

Marcellis et al. describe a 4C/ID-based blended course in which students learn to develop android applications. It explains the design decisions behind the four components.

  • Frerejean, J., van Merriënboer, J. J. G., Kirschner, P. A., Roex, A., Aertgeerts, B., & Marcellis, M. (2019). Designing instruction for complex learning: 4C/ID in higher education. European Journal of Education, 54, 513-524. https://doi.org/10.1111/ejed.12363

This publication summarizes three applications of 4C/ID in higher education. The examples stem from the domains of information-problem solving, android app development, and medical education. The individual examples are also included in this list.

  • Güney, Z. (2019). A sample design in programming with four-component instructional design (4c/id) model. Malaysian Online Journal of Educational Technology, 7(4), 1–14. https://doi.org/10.17220/mojet.2019.04.001

Description follows.

  • Maggio, L. A., Ten Cate, O., Irby, D. M., & O’Brien, B. C. (2015). Designing evidence- based medicine training to optimize the transfer of skills from the classroom to clinical practice: Applying the four component instructional design model.Academic Medicine, 90, 1457–1461. https://doi.org/10.1097/ACM.0000000000000769

Description follows.

  • Melo, M., & Miranda, G. L. (2015). Learning electrical circuits: The effects of the 4C-ID instructional approach in the acquisition and transfer of knowledge. Journal of Information Technology Education: Research, 14, 313–337. https://doi.org/10.28945/2281

Description follows.

  • Postma, T. C., & White, J. G. (2015). Developing clinical reasoning in the classroom—analysis of the 4C/ID-model. European Journal of Dental Education, 9, 74–80. https://doi.org/10.1111/eje.12105

Description follows.

  • Vandewaetere, M., Manhaeve, D., Aertgeerts, B., Clarebout, G., van Merriënboer, J. J. G., & Roex, A. (2015). 4C/ID in medical education: How to design an educational program based on whole-task learning: AMEE Guide No. 93. Medical Teacher, 37, 4–20. https://doi.org/10.3109/0142159X.2014.928407

Description follows.

  • Wopereis, I. G. J. H., Frerejean, J., & Brand-Gruwel, S. A. B. (2015). Information problem
    solving instruction in higher education: A case study on instructional design. Communications in Computer and Information Sciences, 552, 293–302. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28197-1_30

Description follows.

  • Susilo, A. P., van Merriënboer, J. J. G., van Dalen, J., Claramita, M., & Scherpbier, A. (2013). From lecture to learning tasks: Use of the 4C/ID model in a communication skills course in a continuing professional education context. The Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing, 44, 278–284. https://doi.org/10.3928/00220124‐20130501‐78

Description follows.

  • Tjiam, I. M., Schout, B. M. A., Hendrikx, A. J. M., Scherpbier, A. J. J. M., Witjes, J. A., & Van Merriënboer, J. J. G. (2012). Designing simulator-based training: An approach integrating cognitive task analysis and four-component instructional design. Medical Teacher, 34(10), e698–e707. https://doi.org/10.3109/0142159X.2012.687480

Description follows.

Examples from Education

The School of Health Professions Education provides a Masters of Health Professions Education in which learners acquire knowledge, skills, and attitudes to design and provide effective, efficient, and enjoyable education in the health professions. One of the learning tasks in this Master requires learners to apply to 4C/ID model for (re)designing a (part of a) curriculum in their own setting. Particularly impressive contributions are presented below with permission of the respective creator.

Example 1

Example will follow soon.